is a brief history of Canada.
Any one can add in this
summary of events.
The earliest discovery of the New World was made by Norse seafarers
known as Vikings.
In AD 1000 Leif Ericson became the first European to land in North
America (see Ericson).
In 1497 an Italian named John Cabot sailed west from Bristol,
England, intent on finding a new trade route to the Orient for his patron, King
Henry VII of England. This voyage led to the rediscovery of the eastern shores
The first Parliament of the new Dominion met on Nov. 6, 1867,
with Macdonald as prime minister.
By the Deed of Surrender of 1869, Canada
purchased the vast Northwest Territories from the Hudson's Bay Company. The
company was permitted to retain trading rights in the area and a small
percentage of the prairie lands.
The year 1967 marked the 100th anniversary of the British North
America Act, which had been proclaimed on July 1, 1867, and established the
basis for the modern state of Canada. A giant birthday party on Parliament Hill
in Ottawa was attended by Queen Elizabeth II.
A highlight of the year was the
Universal and International Exhibition, known as Expo '67, held in Montreal.
Also to mark the centennial, Winnipeg, Man., was host to the fifth Pan-American
Games, and the Order of Canada was instituted to reward Canadians for
outstanding merit and service.
In 1982 the British North America Act was replaced by a new
constitution for the government of Canada.
Queen Elizabeth visited Parliament
Hill to proclaim the document. This completed the transfer of constitutional
powers from Great Britain to Canada.
In October 1987 Canada and the United States reached agreement
on a trade pact to eliminate all bilateral tariffs over a ten-year period
beginning Jan. 1, 1989.
The two countries signed a Great Lakes water-quality
agreement in November 1987. Both countries agreed to track and clean up sources of
In January 1988 abortion was legalized in Canada.
Mulroney and his Conservative party in the November 1988 elections guaranteed
passage of the free-trade agreement.
The socialist New Democratic party chose Audrey McLaughlin, the
member of Parliament from the Yukon, as its leader in 1989--the first woman to
head a major Canadian political party.
While the international political climate
became more conservative, the party began to dominate Canadian leadership in the
early 1990s. New Democrats were elected premiers of the provinces of Ontario,
Saskatchewan, and British Columbia.
Statistics Canada -
Canada's national statistical agency
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
CIA - The World
Factbook -- Canada
Canada's Web site
LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES
Environment Canada's Green Lane
VIA Rail Canada
Natural Resources Canada
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Toronto - The official City of Toronto Web
Canada - international relief and development organization
Images Canada: picturing
Climate Change, Government of
This site is prepared by volunteers who are committed
in the works
and Justice in our
wecome. Please Contact web master
Web planning team: Marion
Current, Hannah Lee
Technical support & web
designer: David Nam-Joong Kim
Art design team: Raymond NamKi Jung, Johnny Jong Hyun
Updated November 25, 2002.